Sandro Botticelli

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Selected Works from Sandro Botticelli

Alessandro di Mariano di Vanni Filipepi, better known as Sandro Botticelli (c. 1445 – May 17, 1510) was an Italian Early Renaissance painter. He belonged to the school of Florence which was under the patronage of Lorenzo de Medici. Among his best known works are The Birth of Venus and Primavera. Little is known about Botticelli’s life. He was born in the city of Florence and since ca. 1462, he was an apprentice to Fra Filippo Lippi. By 1470, the artist had his own workshop. In 1481, Pope Sixtus IV summoned Botticelli to fresco the walls of the Sistine Chapel together with other famous Florentine and Umbrian artists. Upon his return to Florence, he worked on a commentary and illustration to Dante’s work. In the mid-1480s Botticelli worked on a major fresco cycle with Perugino, Domenico Ghirlandaio and Filippino Lippi for Lorenzo the Magnificent. In addition, he worked on church frescos in Florence. After his death his reputation was eclipsed longer and more thoroughly than that of any other major European artist. His paintings remained in the churches and villas for which they had been created. The first nineteenth century art historian to have looked with satisfaction at Botticelli’s Sistine frescoes was Alexis-François Rio. Rio, Anna Brownell Jameson and Charles Eastlake were alerted to Botticelli, works by his hand began to appear in German collections, and the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood incorporated elements of his work into their own. The first monograph on the artist was published in 1893; then, between 1900 and 1920 more books were written on Botticelli than any other painter.

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